Were There Dogs in Ancient Times?

Dogs are one of the most beloved domestic pets in the world today. They are loyal, friendly, and protective of their owners.

But have you ever wondered if dogs existed in ancient times? Were they used for domestic purposes or did they just roam around the wild? Let’s explore the history of dogs and their relationship with humans.

Origins of Dogs

The exact origins of dogs are still a mystery. However, studies suggest that dogs may have been domesticated from wolves about 15,000 years ago.

It is believed that early humans tamed wolves and trained them to hunt and protect their settlements. Over time, these wolves evolved into what we know today as dogs.

Dogs in Ancient Civilizations

Dogs played a significant role in many ancient civilizations. In Egypt, dogs were considered sacred animals and were often mummified after death.

They were also used for hunting and guarding homes. The Greeks used dogs for hunting as well and believed that they had healing powers.

In Rome, dogs were used for hunting, herding, guarding homes, and even fighting in battles. They were also considered a symbol of loyalty and protection.

Dogs in Religion

Dogs have been mentioned in various religious texts throughout history. In Hinduism, the god Bhairava is often depicted with a dog as his vehicle or companion. In Norse mythology, the god Odin was accompanied by two wolves and two ravens which are believed to represent his faithful companions.

In Christianity, dogs are mentioned several times in the Bible. In the Old Testament Book of Tobit, a dog named Tobias accompanies his master on a journey to retrieve money owed to him. In the New Testament Book of Revelation, dogs are described as impure animals that will not enter heaven.

Dog Breeds

Over time, humans have selectively bred dogs for specific purposes such as hunting, herding, and guarding. Today, there are over 300 different breeds of dogs recognized by the American Kennel Club. Some of the most popular breeds include Labrador Retrievers, German Shepherds, Golden Retrievers, and Bulldogs.


In conclusion, dogs have been a part of human history for thousands of years. From their origins as wolves to their role in ancient civilizations and religion, dogs have played an important role in our lives. Today, they continue to be beloved pets and loyal companions to millions around the world.