Were There Peacocks in Ancient Greece?

In ancient Greece, peacocks were highly regarded for their beauty and grace. These vibrant and majestic birds were often associated with the goddess Hera, who was known as the queen of the gods and the wife of Zeus.

But were there really peacocks in ancient Greece? Let’s explore this fascinating question.

The Peacock’s Origins

The peacock, scientifically known as Peafowl, is native to South Asia. It was first domesticated in India around 3,000 years ago and later introduced to other regions through trade routes. The Greeks were well-connected to various civilizations through their extensive trading networks, so it’s possible that they encountered peacocks.

Peacocks in Greek Mythology

Greek mythology often incorporated elements from other cultures, so it wouldn’t be surprising if peacocks made their way into Greek stories. As mentioned earlier, Hera was closely associated with these stunning birds.

According to one myth, Hera had an argument with her husband Zeus and left Mount Olympus in a huff. She found solace on an island called Samos, where she was attended by beautiful peacocks.

The Peacock as a Symbol of Immortality

In addition to their association with Hera, peacocks were also believed to represent immortality in ancient Greece. The Greeks believed that the flesh of a peacock never decayed after death, making it a symbol of eternal life.

Evidence from Ancient Greek Art

Artifacts from ancient Greece provide some evidence that supports the presence of peacocks in the region during that time period. Paintings on vases and murals often depicted scenes from mythology and everyday life, including animals like lions, elephants, and even exotic birds.


While it’s difficult to say with absolute certainty whether peacocks were present in ancient Greece, the combination of their association with Hera, their symbolism of immortality, and depictions in ancient Greek art suggests that they may have indeed been known to the Greeks. Regardless of their actual presence, peacocks continue to captivate our imaginations today just as they did thousands of years ago.