Were There Wolves in Ancient Greece?

Wolves have been a part of human folklore for centuries, often being depicted as fierce and dangerous creatures. In ancient Greece, these animals were revered for their strength and cunning, but were also feared for their ability to cause harm. The question is, were there really wolves in ancient Greece?

There is no doubt that wolves existed in the region during ancient times. The Greek word for wolf is “lykos,” which is where the word “lycanthrope” (werewolf) comes from. Wolves were mentioned in several ancient Greek texts, including fables and legends.

The most famous of these legends was the story of Romulus and Remus, the twin brothers who founded Rome. According to the legend, the brothers were abandoned as infants and raised by a she-wolf. This story shows how wolves were viewed as both fierce predators and nurturing caregivers.

Wolves also played a significant role in Greek mythology. The goddess Artemis was often depicted with wolves by her side, while Apollo was said to have transformed into a wolf when he defeated a giant serpent.

Despite their significance in Greek mythology and folklore, wolves were not always revered in ancient Greece. They were hunted for their fur and considered a threat to livestock. The ancient Greeks even had a god of shepherds named Aristaeus who was said to have killed a wolf that had been attacking his sheep.

In addition to hunting wolves for sport or protection of livestock, they played an important role in religious rituals as well. In some cases, they were used as sacrificial animals to appease deities such as Apollo or Zeus.

In conclusion, it’s clear that wolves played an important role in ancient Greek society – from mythology to religion to daily life. While they may have been feared at times, they were also respected for their strength and survival skills. So yes, there were definitely wolves in ancient Greece – both physically and culturally.


  • https://www.ancient-origins.net/myths-legends-europe/werewolf-0010699
  • https://www.greekmythology.com/Myths/Monsters/Wolves/wolves.html
  • https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/2018/11/wolf-greek-mythology-rome-she-wolf/