What Ancient Civilization Contributed to the Field of Mathematics?

Mathematics is a subject that has been around for thousands of years. It has played a crucial role in the development of various civilizations throughout history. One such civilization that contributed significantly to the field of mathematics was the ancient Greeks.

The Contributions of Ancient Greece to Mathematics

The ancient Greeks made significant contributions to various fields of knowledge, including mathematics. They were the first to develop a system of geometry, which is still widely used today. Some of the most notable mathematicians from ancient Greece include Euclid, Pythagoras, Archimedes, and Thales.


Geometry is a branch of mathematics that deals with shapes, sizes, and positions of figures. The ancient Greeks developed a system of geometry that laid the foundation for modern geometry. Euclid, one of the most famous mathematicians from ancient Greece, wrote a book called “Elements,” which contained 13 books on geometry and was used as a textbook for over 2000 years.

Pythagorean Theorem

The Pythagorean theorem is one of the most famous mathematical formulas in history. It states that in a right-angled triangle, the square of the length of the hypotenuse (the side opposite the right angle) is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides. This theorem was named after Pythagoras, who was an ancient Greek mathematician and philosopher.

Archimedes’ Principle

Archimedes was another famous mathematician from ancient Greece who made significant contributions to mathematics. He discovered what is now known as Archimedes’ principle, which states that when an object is submerged in water or any other fluid, it experiences an upward force equal to the weight of fluid displaced by it.

In Conclusion

In conclusion, ancient Greece made significant contributions to mathematics through its development of geometry, the Pythagorean theorem, and Archimedes’ principle. These contributions have had a lasting impact on the field of mathematics and are still widely used today. The use of these mathematical principles has helped in the development of various fields such as engineering, physics, and astronomy.