What Ancient Civilization Discovered Saturn?

The discovery of Saturn, the sixth planet from the sun, is attributed to ancient civilizations. Although there is no clear consensus on which civilization discovered Saturn first, there are several references to the planet in ancient texts and artifacts.

Ancient Babylonians

One of the earliest known references to Saturn comes from ancient Babylonian astronomy. The Babylonians named the planet after their god of agriculture, Saturn. They also observed its movements in the sky and recorded them on clay tablets.

Mythological associations

Saturn was also associated with mythological figures in different cultures. In Greek mythology, Saturn was known as Cronus, the god of time. In Roman mythology, he was worshipped as the god of agriculture and harvests.

Ancient Greeks

The ancient Greeks were also aware of Saturn’s existence. They named it after their god of agriculture, Cronus. The Greek astronomer Ptolemy documented his observations of Saturn’s movements in his book Almagest.

The rings of Saturn

The rings of Saturn were not discovered until 1610 by Galileo Galilei using a telescope. However, some historians believe that earlier civilizations may have observed them without knowing what they were seeing.


In conclusion, while it is difficult to attribute the discovery of Saturn to a specific civilization or individual, it is clear that various cultures throughout history were aware of its existence and its importance in their mythologies and astronomical observations. The discovery of its rings would come much later in history but only furthered our fascination with this beautiful and mysterious planet.

  • Bold text: used for emphasis on important words or phrases.
  • Underlined text: used for emphasis or to indicate a hyperlink.
  • Header 2:

    used for main section headings.

  • Header 3:

    used for subheadings within sections.

    • Bullet point:

    used to create a list of items.