What Ancient Civilization Is in Peru?

Peru is a country that has a rich cultural heritage. It is home to several ancient civilizations that have left behind impressive architectural marvels, artwork, and other artifacts.

One of the most famous ancient civilizations in Peru is the Inca Empire, but they were not the only civilization that thrived in this region. Let’s take a look at some of the other major ancient civilizations in Peru.

The Moche Civilization

The Moche Civilization flourished in northern Peru between 100 and 700 AD. They were known for their impressive pottery work and impressive engineering feats such as canals and reservoirs. The Moche people were skilled farmers who cultivated crops such as corn, beans, and squash.

One of the most impressive structures built by the Moche people is the Huaca del Sol (Temple of the Sun). This structure was built using millions of adobe bricks and was once one of the largest adobe structures in the world.

The Nazca Civilization

The Nazca Civilization is famous for their intricate geoglyphs or drawings on the desert floor that can only be seen from above. These drawings depict animals such as birds, monkeys, and fish. The Nazca people also built impressive aqueducts to irrigate their crops in this arid region.

The Nazca culture flourished between 100 BC and 800 AD, and they were skilled weavers who created intricate textiles with vibrant colors.

The Chimu Civilization

The Chimu Civilization thrived on the northern coast of Peru between 900 AD and 1470 AD. They were skilled metalworkers who created impressive gold, silver, copper, and bronze objects.

One of their most impressive architectural feats is Chan Chan – an enormous adobe city that was once home to over 60,000 people. The city was divided into nine separate citadels with walls that were up to 10 meters high.

The Inca Civilization

The Inca Empire is perhaps the most famous ancient civilization in Peru. The Incas were skilled engineers who built impressive structures such as Machu Picchu and the city of Cusco.

They developed a complex road network that connected their empire, which stretched from Colombia to Chile. The Incas also had an intricate social and political system, with a ruler known as the Sapa Inca at the top of the hierarchy.


Peru is a country with a rich cultural heritage, and there are many ancient civilizations that have left behind impressive artifacts and structures. From the Moche to the Inca Empire, each civilization has its unique characteristics that make it fascinating to study. By exploring these civilizations, we can learn more about our shared human history and understand how these cultures helped shape Peru into what it is today.