What Ancient Civilization Lived in Aguascalientes Mexico?

Aguascalientes is a state located in central Mexico, known for its rich culture and history. The region was home to several ancient civilizations, each with their unique customs and traditions. In this article, we will delve into the fascinating history of the ancient civilization that lived in Aguascalientes, Mexico.

The Chichimecas

The Chichimecas were a group of indigenous people who lived in what is now Aguascalientes during the pre-Columbian period. They were known for their nomadic lifestyle and their fierce resistance to Spanish colonization.

The Chichimecas were skilled warriors who lived off the land as hunters and gatherers. They built temporary settlements using natural resources such as wood and animal hides, which they used as shelter from the elements.

Customs and Traditions

The Chichimecas had a rich culture that revolved around their spiritual beliefs. They believed in multiple gods, including a creator god named Ometecuhtli and a mother goddess named Tonantzin.

One of their most important ceremonies was the “mitote,” which was a dance ritual performed to honor their gods. During this ceremony, participants would dance around a ceremonial fire while wearing elaborate costumes and headdresses.


Today, the legacy of the Chichimecas can still be seen throughout Aguascalientes. Many of the region’s traditional crafts such as weaving and leatherwork are influenced by Chichimeca artistry.

Additionally, several archeological sites in Aguascalientes have uncovered artifacts from the Chichimeca civilization, including pottery and stone tools.

In Conclusion

The ancient civilization that once inhabited Aguascalientes was one of great cultural richness and diversity. The Chichimecas left behind a legacy that continues to influence Mexican culture today. Their customs and traditions are celebrated through art, dance, and music, and their memory is preserved through archeological exploration.

We hope this article has provided you with a better understanding of the history of the ancient civilization that lived in Aguascalientes, Mexico.