Guanajuato is a state located in central Mexico and is home to many ancient civilizations that have left their mark on the region. One of the most notable ancient civilizations that lived in Guanajuato was the Tarascan civilization.
The Tarascans, also known as the Purépecha people, were a pre-Columbian civilization that lived in western Mexico from around 1350 until the Spanish conquest in the early 16th century. They were known for their impressive architecture, skilled metalworking, and advanced agricultural techniques.
One of the most significant archaeological sites associated with the Tarascan civilization is Tzintzuntzan. This site was once a major political and religious center for the Tarascans and features several impressive structures, including five pyramids that were used for various ceremonial purposes.
Another important site associated with the Tarascans is Ihuatzio. This site features several well-preserved buildings, including a large temple dedicated to Curicaueri, one of the most important deities in Tarascan religion.
In addition to their impressive architecture, the Tarascans were also known for their skilled metalworking. They produced intricate jewelry and other decorative objects using gold, silver, copper, and bronze.
The Tarascans were also skilled farmers and developed advanced agricultural techniques that allowed them to cultivate crops on terraced hillsides. They grew crops such as maize, beans, squash, and chilies using irrigation systems that are still used in some parts of Mexico today.
Overall, the Tarascan civilization was an incredibly advanced culture that made significant contributions to Mexican history and culture. Their legacy can still be seen today through their impressive architectural ruins, intricate metalwork, and advanced agricultural practices.
If you’re interested in learning more about this fascinating civilization or visiting some of their archaeological sites in Guanajuato state, be sure to plan a trip to this beautiful region of Mexico.