What Ancient Civilization Lived in Mexico?

Mexico is home to one of the most intriguing ancient civilizations in the world. The civilization that lived in Mexico before the Spanish conquest is known as the Mesoamerican civilization.

This civilization includes several groups of people, such as the Olmec, Maya, Toltec, and Aztec. Each group had its own unique culture and traditions.

The Olmec Civilization

The Olmec civilization is considered to be the first major civilization to flourish in Mexico. They lived in the tropical lowlands of what is now Mexico’s Gulf Coast region from around 1400 BCE to 400 BCE.

The Olmecs are known for their colossal stone heads that depict human faces with African features. They were also known for their impressive ancient ruins and their complex religious beliefs.

The Maya Civilization

The Maya civilization is perhaps the most well-known Mesoamerican civilization. They lived in what is now southern Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, and El Salvador from around 2000 BCE to 1500 CE.

The Maya are known for their impressive architecture, including towering pyramids and intricate palaces. They also developed a complex written language and excelled in mathematics and astronomy.

The Toltec Civilization

The Toltec civilization lived in central Mexico from around 900 CE to 1168 CE. They are known for their military prowess and their impact on other Mesoamerican civilizations, such as the Aztecs. The Toltecs were skilled artisans who created intricate sculptures and pottery.

The Aztec Civilization

The Aztec civilization lived in central Mexico from around 1300 CE to 1521 CE when they were conquered by Spanish conquistadors led by Hernán Cortés. The Aztecs are famous for their impressive capital city of Tenochtitlan (now modern-day Mexico City) which was built on an island in the middle of a lake. They also developed a complex social hierarchy and a sophisticated calendar system.

In Conclusion

The Mesoamerican civilization that lived in Mexico before the Spanish conquest was a rich and diverse group of people with unique cultures and traditions. From the Olmecs to the Aztecs, each civilization left behind impressive ruins, artwork, and religious beliefs that continue to fascinate us to this day.