Nicaragua, the largest country in Central America, has a rich history that dates back to over 10,000 years ago. The country’s early history is marked by the presence of several indigenous groups that lived in the region. However, the most prominent ancient civilization that lived in Nicaragua was the Mayan civilization.
The Mayans were a complex society that flourished between 2000 BC and 1500 AD. They were known for their impressive architecture, advanced mathematics, astronomy, and intricate writing system. The Mayans were also skilled farmers who cultivated crops such as maize, beans, and squash.
In Nicaragua, the Mayans settled in two main areas – the Pacific coast and the Caribbean coast. On the Pacific coast, they established several cities such as El Naranjo and Tamarindito.
These cities were known for their impressive pyramids and ceremonial centers. The Mayans on the Caribbean coast were known as the Chibcha people and they established several small communities along the coast.
The Mayan civilization in Nicaragua began to decline around 900 AD due to various factors such as warfare, disease, and drought. By 1500 AD, most of their cities had been abandoned.
Despite their decline and disappearance from Nicaragua’s landscape over 500 years ago, evidence of their existence can still be found today through archeological discoveries such as pottery shards and stone carvings.
In conclusion, while there were several indigenous groups that lived in Nicaragua before European contact was established with Central America in 1492; it was primarily the Mayan civilization that left a lasting impact on Nicaragua’s history. Their impressive architecture and advancements in various fields are still studied today; making them one of Central America’s most renowned ancient civilizations.