What Ancient Civilization Lived in North Africa?

North Africa is a region rich in history and culture. From the ancient times to the present day, North Africa has been home to various civilizations. However, one of the most intriguing civilizations that ever existed in North Africa is the ancient civilization of Carthage.

Who were the Carthaginians?

The Carthaginians were a civilization that existed in North Africa from around 814 BC to 146 BC. They were situated on the eastern coast of modern-day Tunisia, with their capital city being Carthage. The civilization was founded by Phoenician settlers who had come from Tyre, a city in modern-day Lebanon.

What was life like in Carthage?

Carthaginian society was organized into three classes: nobles, commoners, and slaves. The nobles were wealthy and held most of the power in society.

The commoners were merchants, traders, and artisans who worked for a living. Slaves performed manual labor and had no rights or freedoms.

Carthage was known for its advanced economy, which was based on trade and commerce. The city became a major center for trade in the Mediterranean region, with merchants traveling as far as Spain and Italy to sell goods.

What happened to Carthage?

The end of Carthaginian civilization came about as a result of war with Rome. This conflict culminated in three Punic Wars between 264 BC and 146 BC. In each war, Rome emerged victorious over Carthage, which led to its eventual destruction.

In 146 BC, Roman forces under Scipio Aemilianus destroyed Carthage completely. The Romans burned the city to the ground and sold its surviving inhabitants into slavery.


The ancient civilization of Carthage is one of the most fascinating civilizations that ever existed in North Africa. Although it no longer exists, its legacy lives on in the modern-day culture and traditions of Tunisia and the wider North African region. The Carthaginians were a people who contributed greatly to the development of trade and commerce, leaving behind a rich cultural heritage that is still celebrated today.