What Ancient Civilization Lived in Russia?

Russia is a country that is steeped in history and culture. It is a land that has seen the rise and fall of many ancient civilizations. One such civilization that lived in Russia was the Scythians.

The Scythians were a nomadic people who lived in the region from around the 8th century BC to the 4th century AD. They were known for their skill in horsemanship and their fierce warrior culture. The Scythians were also known for their elaborate burial practices, which included burying their dead with weapons, jewelry, and other valuable items.

The Rise of the Scythians

The origins of the Scythians are not fully understood, but it is believed that they originated in what is now Iran or Central Asia. They gradually migrated northward into what is now Russia, where they established themselves as a dominant force.

The Scythians were skilled horse riders and used their horses for transportation, hunting, and warfare. They also had a sophisticated knowledge of metallurgy and produced weapons, tools, and jewelry using iron, gold, and other metals.

Scythian Culture

The Scythians were a nomadic people who lived in tents and moved from place to place with their herds of horses and cattle. They were organized into tribes led by chieftains who ruled through a combination of military prowess and charisma.

The Scythians had a rich culture that included art, music, poetry, and storytelling. They also had a complex religion that involved animal sacrifices and worship of various gods.

One of the most distinctive features of Scythian culture was their elaborate burial practices. The Scythians believed in an afterlife where they would continue to live as they did on earth. To ensure that they had everything they needed in the afterlife, they buried their dead with weapons, jewelry, clothing, food, and even their horses.

The Decline of the Scythians

The Scythian civilization began to decline in the 4th century AD, when they were conquered by the Sarmatians, another nomadic tribe. The Sarmatians adopted many aspects of Scythian culture, including their language and burial practices.

Over time, the Sarmatians were themselves conquered by other groups, including the Huns and the Mongols. Today, there is little evidence of the Scythian civilization remaining in Russia.


The Scythians were an ancient civilization that lived in what is now Russia from around the 8th century BC to the 4th century AD. They were a nomadic people known for their skill in horsemanship and their elaborate burial practices. Although they eventually declined and disappeared as a distinct culture, their legacy lives on in Russian history and culture.