What Ancient Civilization Lives on Crete?

Crete is a beautiful island located in the eastern Mediterranean, and it has been home to many civilizations throughout history. One of the most famous ancient civilizations that lived on Crete was the Minoan civilization.

The Minoan Civilization

The Minoan civilization was one of the first advanced civilizations in Europe, and it flourished on Crete from around 3000 BC until 1450 BC. The Minoans were known for their sophisticated art, architecture, and writing system, which was called Linear A.

Architecture

One of the most impressive examples of Minoan architecture is the Palace of Knossos. This palace was built around 1700 BC and covers an area of over 150,000 square feet. It is believed that the palace served as a center for religious ceremonies, government administration, and trade.

Art

Minoan art is characterized by its vivid colors and naturalistic forms. The Minoans were skilled at painting frescoes, which were paintings made on wet plaster walls. These frescoes depicted scenes from everyday life such as bull-leaping or fishing.

Religion

The Minoans had a complex religion that involved many gods and goddesses. One of the most important figures in their religion was a goddess named “the Mistress of Animals.” She was often depicted holding snakes or animals and was associated with fertility.

Decline

Despite their advancements, the Minoan civilization declined rapidly around 1450 BC. The cause of this decline is still debated among scholars, but it may have been due to a combination of natural disasters such as earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, as well as invasions by foreign powers such as the Mycenaeans.

Conclusion

In conclusion, Crete was home to the ancient Minoan civilization. This civilization was known for its sophisticated art, architecture, and religion, and it left a lasting impact on European history. Although the Minoan civilization declined over 3000 years ago, their legacy can still be seen today in the ruins of their impressive palaces and artwork.