What Ancient Civilization Was in Germany?

Germany is a country with a rich history that dates back to ancient times. It has been inhabited by various tribes and civilizations over the centuries, each leaving their mark on the country’s culture and heritage. One such civilization was the Celts.

The Celts in Germany

The Celts were an ancient people who inhabited most of Europe during the Iron Age. They were known for their advanced metallurgy skills, artistic abilities, and fierce warrior culture. The Celtic influence in Germany can be traced back to the 5th century BC, when they first migrated into the region.

The Celtic civilization in Germany was centered around the Danube River and its tributaries. They established numerous settlements and fortified hilltops across the region, which served as centers of trade and commerce. Some of these settlements grew into large cities, such as Heidelberg, Trier, and Augsburg.

The La Tene Culture

The peak of Celtic civilization in Germany was during the La Tene period (450 BC – 1 AD). This era was characterized by significant advancements in art, architecture, and technology. It was also a time of great political turmoil as various tribes fought for dominance over each other.

One of the most impressive artifacts from this period is the Gundestrup Cauldron, which is believed to have been used for religious ceremonies. It features intricate designs depicting scenes from Celtic mythology and is considered one of the finest examples of Celtic art.

The Roman Influence

In 58 BC, Julius Caesar conquered Gaul (modern-day France), which brought him into contact with the Celts in Germany. The Romans established a presence along the Rhine River and gradually expanded their control over the region.

The Roman influence on Germanic culture was significant, with many aspects of Roman life being adopted by Germanic tribes. This included language, religion (with Christianity spreading rapidly), architecture, and governance.


The Celts played a significant role in shaping the culture and heritage of Germany. Their influence can be seen in many aspects of modern German life, including art, language, and architecture. Despite the passage of time, their legacy continues to live on in Germany’s rich cultural tapestry.