What Ancient Civilization Was in Ukraine?

Ukraine is a country with a rich and diverse history that dates back thousands of years. One of the most fascinating aspects of Ukraine’s past is the ancient civilizations that once thrived in this region. In this article, we will explore the most significant ancient civilization that existed in Ukraine.

The Scythians

The Scythians were a nomadic people who inhabited vast areas of Eurasia from the 8th to 3rd centuries BCE. They were skilled horsemen and warriors, and their influence extended from the Black Sea to Central Asia. The Scythians were known for their advanced metalworking skills and their intricate gold jewelry, which has been found in burial mounds across Ukraine and Russia.

Life and Culture

The Scythians lived in small tribes that were led by chieftains. They had no written language, so much of what we know about their way of life comes from archaeological discoveries.

The Scythians were pastoralists who relied on herding horses, cattle, and sheep for their livelihoods. They also engaged in trade with neighboring civilizations and were skilled at using the bow and arrow.

The Scythians had a complex social hierarchy with nobles at the top who owned vast herds of animals, followed by commoners who tended to livestock, and slaves who performed manual labor. Women played a significant role in Scythian society, serving as warriors alongside men and holding positions of power.


The Scythians practiced a polytheistic religion with a pantheon of gods and goddesses. Their religion was closely tied to nature, and they believed that everything had its own spirit or deity. The most important deity was Tabiti, the goddess of fire, who was responsible for protecting their homes from evil spirits.


The legacy of the Scythians can be seen in the many archaeological sites that have been discovered throughout Ukraine. These sites provide insight into their way of life and culture, including their advanced metalworking skills and intricate artistry. The Scythians also played a significant role in the development of trade routes across Eurasia, connecting civilizations from China to Greece.

In conclusion, the Scythians were a fascinating ancient civilization that once inhabited Ukraine and left an indelible mark on its history and culture. Their nomadic way of life, advanced metalworking skills, and intricate artistry continue to inspire awe and wonder today.