What Ancient Civilization Was Known for War?

When we think of ancient civilizations, we often think of grand structures, impressive art, and legendary leaders. But there’s another aspect that many civilizations were known for: war.

From the ancient Greeks to the Mayans, warfare played a significant role in shaping many societies throughout history. In this article, we’ll explore which civilization was known for war and why.

Introduction to Ancient Warfare

Warfare has been a part of human history since the beginning of time. Ancient civilizations used war as a means to expand their territories, gain resources, and protect their people. However, some civilizations were more notorious for their military prowess than others.

The Ancient Romans

One civilization that immediately comes to mind when thinking about ancient warfare is the Romans. The Roman Empire was one of the largest empires in history and its military played a crucial role in its success. The Roman army was well-trained and disciplined, with soldiers receiving extensive training before being sent into battle.

The Roman army was also well-equipped with advanced weaponry such as swords, spears, and shields. They were also skilled in siege warfare and used artillery such as catapults to breach enemy defenses.

The Romans were known for their conquests and military campaigns throughout Europe and North Africa. They conquered vast territories and established themselves as one of the most powerful empires in history.

The Ancient Greeks

Another civilization that was known for its military prowess was the ancient Greeks. The Greeks were skilled warriors who fought with honor and discipline. They developed advanced tactics such as the phalanx formation which allowed them to hold off much larger armies.

The Greek city-states were often at war with each other but united against common enemies such as the Persians during the Greco-Persian Wars. Famous battles such as Thermopylae showcased their bravery and skill on the battlefield.

The Mongols

While the Romans and Greeks are well-known for their military achievements, another civilization that is often overlooked is the Mongols. The Mongol Empire was one of the largest empires in history and its military played a crucial role in its expansion.

The Mongol army was highly mobile and skilled in horseback riding. They were also known for their use of archery and developed advanced tactics such as the feigned retreat to lure enemy forces into a trap.

Under the leadership of Genghis Khan, the Mongols conquered vast territories throughout Asia and Europe. Their conquests were brutal but effective, with entire cities being destroyed and populations being slaughtered.


In conclusion, many ancient civilizations were known for their military achievements. The Romans, Greeks, and Mongols are just a few examples of societies that used warfare as a means to expand their empires. While some of these civilizations are remembered for their grand structures or impressive art, it’s important to remember that war played a significant role in shaping them as well.