What Ancient Civilization Were Located Near UAE?

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is renowned for its modern architecture, luxurious lifestyle, and stunning beaches. However, it also has a rich history that dates back to ancient times. Let’s explore the ancient civilizations that were located near the UAE.

1. The Sumerians

The Sumerians were one of the oldest civilizations in recorded history and are credited with inventing writing. They lived in Mesopotamia, which is now modern-day Iraq, but their influence extended to the eastern regions of the UAE. The Sumerians traded with the people of Dilmun, an ancient civilization located in what is now Bahrain.

2. The Babylonians

The Babylonians were another Mesopotamian civilization that had a significant impact on the UAE. They ruled over much of what is now Iraq and parts of Syria and Iran. The Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar II conquered several neighboring kingdoms, including parts of Arabia and even attempted to invade Egypt.

3. The Achaemenids

The Achaemenids were an ancient Persian empire that existed from 550 BC to 330 BC. They ruled over a vast territory that included present-day Iran, Iraq, Egypt, Turkey, and even parts of Greece. The UAE was also under their influence for a brief period.

4. The Greeks

The Greeks were known for their philosophy, art, and architecture but they also had an impact on the UAE’s history. Alexander the Great conquered much of Persia and continued his conquests towards India before dying at a young age.

5. The Romans

The Roman Empire was one of the most powerful empires in history and lasted from 753 BC to 476 AD. Their influence extended far beyond Europe as they conquered lands as far east as the UAE. The Romans built forts and settlements along the Persian Gulf to control trade routes and protect their empire.


The UAE is located at the crossroads of several ancient civilizations, which has resulted in a unique blend of cultures and traditions. From the Sumerians to the Romans, many civilizations have left their mark on the region’s history. By studying these ancient civilizations, we can gain a better understanding of the UAE’s rich cultural heritage.