What Animals Were There in Ancient Greece?

Ancient Greece is known for many things, including its rich mythology, philosophy, and architecture. However, it’s not often discussed what kind of animals were present during that time period. In this article, we’ll explore the various creatures that roamed the land and sea of Ancient Greece.

The Land Animals of Ancient Greece

One of the most notable animals in Ancient Greece was the lion. These majestic creatures were often depicted in artwork and sculptures as symbols of strength and courage. However, lions were not native to Greece and were likely imported from other regions.

Another well-known animal in Ancient Greece was the horse. Horses played a crucial role in Greek society as they were used for transportation, warfare, and sports such as chariot racing. Greek horses were smaller than modern-day horses but were still powerful and agile.

Other land animals that could be found in Ancient Greece include deer, boars, wolves, bears, and snakes. Many of these animals also played important roles in Greek mythology.

The Sea Creatures of Ancient Greece

The Mediterranean Sea was home to a diverse array of sea creatures during ancient times. One of the most famous is the dolphin, which was considered sacred by the Greeks and often depicted alongside their gods and goddesses.

Another notable sea creature was the octopus. Octopuses were commonly caught by Greek fishermen and served as a delicacy at banquets.

Dolphins and octopuses weren’t the only sea creatures present in Ancient Greece though. Other marine life included various species of fish such as tuna and mackerel, crabs, lobsters, squid, seals, and even whales.


In conclusion, while many people may not think about what kind of animals lived in Ancient Greece beyond those present in mythology or legend – there were actually a variety of land animals such as lions or horses that played important roles in Greek society and culture. Meanwhile, the sea surrounding Greece was filled with a diverse range of creatures from dolphins to whales. By exploring the fauna present in Ancient Greece, we can gain a deeper understanding of what life was like during this fascinating period in history.