What Are 5 Legacies of Ancient Greece?

Ancient Greece is one of the most fascinating periods in human history. Despite being thousands of years old, the legacy of ancient Greece still lives on today.

From philosophy to architecture, there are countless ways in which ancient Greece has left its mark on the world. In this article, we will explore 5 legacies of ancient Greece that continue to influence our lives today.

1. Democracy

Democracy is a system of government that gives citizens a voice and a vote. It is a fundamental principle of modern society and it was first developed in ancient Greece.

The city-state of Athens is credited with being the birthplace of democracy. Athenian democracy was not perfect by any means; only male citizens were allowed to vote, and women, slaves, and foreigners were excluded from the political process. However, it was a groundbreaking concept that challenged the idea that rulers should be appointed by birthright or divine right.

2. Philosophy

Philosophy is the study of fundamental questions about existence, reality, knowledge, ethics, and more. Ancient Greek philosophers such as Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle laid the groundwork for Western philosophy as we know it today. They asked big questions about morality and justice that still resonate with us today.

3. Theater

Theater was an important part of ancient Greek culture and it continues to be popular around the world today. Ancient Greek theater consisted mainly of tragedies and comedies performed in outdoor amphitheaters. The plays explored deep themes such as love, revenge, and fate.

4. Sports

The Olympic Games are one of the most iconic sporting events in the world today, but did you know they originated in ancient Greece? The first recorded Olympic Games took place in 776 BC in Olympia to honor Zeus—the king of gods—and continued every four years for over a thousand years. The games included a range of events such as running, jumping, wrestling, and chariot racing.

5. Architecture

Ancient Greek architecture is renowned for its beauty and sophistication. From the iconic Parthenon in Athens to the Temple of Hera in Olympia, ancient Greek architecture continues to inspire architects around the world today. The Greeks were particularly skilled at using mathematical principles to create structures that were both aesthetically pleasing and structurally sound.


The legacies of ancient Greece are diverse and far-reaching. From democracy to philosophy, theater to sports, architecture to art—the influence of ancient Greece can be seen in almost every aspect of modern life. By studying the past, we can gain a better understanding of our present and build a better future.