What Are Ancient Greece Beauty Standards?

What Are Ancient Greece Beauty Standards?

Ancient Greece is known for its rich cultural heritage, including its unique beauty standards. In this article, we will explore the fascinating world of beauty in ancient Greece and discover the ideals that shaped their perception of attractiveness.

The Ideal Body

Ancient Greek society valued physical beauty and believed it was a reflection of an individual’s character and virtues. Both men and women aspired to achieve the ideal body shape.

For Women

The Curvaceous Figure:

  • Greek women aimed for a curvaceous figure with a narrow waist, full hips, and ample bosom.
  • They used various garments to enhance their natural curves, such as tightly-laced corsets called “strophiums” that accentuated their waists.

Pale Skin:

  • Pale skin was considered a mark of beauty and aristocracy.
  • Women avoided sun exposure and used cosmetics like white lead powder to lighten their skin tone.

For Men

Muscular Physique:

  • Men were expected to have well-defined muscles and a strong physique.
  • Physical fitness was highly regarded, with sports like wrestling and discus throwing being popular among men.


  • Clean-shaven faces were considered attractive, symbolizing youth and refinement.
  • Men typically had short hair, neatly styled using oils or perfumed balms.

Facial Features

Perfect Symmetry:

  • Ancient Greeks believed that facial symmetry was a key indicator of beauty.
  • They admired balanced features, including a straight nose, high cheekbones, and well-proportioned lips.

Expressive Eyes:

  • Large, expressive eyes were considered captivating and alluring.
  • Women used various techniques to enhance their eyes, such as applying kohl to darken their eyelashes and eyebrows.

The Role of Clothing and Accessories

Toga-like Garments:

  • Ancient Greeks wore loose-fitting garments called “chitons” or “togas.”
  • These garments were made of lightweight fabrics and draped elegantly over the body.


  • Jewelry played a significant role in enhancing beauty.
  • Women adorned themselves with gold necklaces, earrings, bracelets, and ornate hairpins.

The Influence of Art and Sculpture

Ancient Greek art had a profound impact on shaping beauty standards. Sculptures depicted idealized human forms that embodied the perfect proportions and symmetry valued by society. These statues became an inspiration for individuals striving to achieve physical perfection.

In conclusion, ancient Greece had its own unique beauty standards that emphasized physical attractiveness as a reflection of one’s character. The ideal body shape for women included curves and pale skin, while men aimed for muscular physiques.

Facial symmetry and expressive eyes were highly prized features. Clothing, accessories, and the influence of art also played a significant role in defining beauty. Understanding these ancient beauty standards provides us with insight into the cultural values and aesthetics of this remarkable civilization.