What Are Common Jobs in Ancient Greece?

In ancient Greece, just like in any other civilization, people had to work to make a living. However, the types of jobs that were available in ancient Greece were quite different from what we have today. Let’s take a closer look at some common jobs in ancient Greece.


Agriculture was the backbone of the ancient Greek economy. Farmers played an essential role in producing food for the population.

They grew crops like wheat, barley, olives, and grapes. They also raised animals like sheep and goats for meat and milk.


Artisans were skilled craftsmen who made everyday objects like pottery, clothing, and jewelry. They were highly respected in ancient Greece because their work was considered both practical and beautiful.


Ancient Greeks valued strength and bravery in battle. Soldiers were highly respected members of society who fought to protect their city-states from invaders. In Athens, soldiers had to be citizens over the age of 18 who owned property.


Metalworkers were skilled craftsmen who worked with metals like bronze and iron to create weapons, tools, and household items.


Traders were merchants who traveled by land or sea to buy and sell goods. They played an essential role in connecting different regions of Greece with each other and with other civilizations like Egypt and Persia.


Religion played a significant role in ancient Greek society. Priests and priestesses served as mediators between humans and the gods. They performed religious rituals such as sacrifices and helped people interpret signs from the gods.


In conclusion, these are just a few examples of common jobs in ancient Greece. While some may be similar to modern-day occupations, others are quite different. However, they all played an essential role in shaping ancient Greek society.