What Are People Who Study Ancient Civilization Called?

Are you fascinated by ancient civilizations and their cultures? Do you find yourself drawn to the mysteries of the past and the stories they hold?

If so, you might be interested in learning about the people who study ancient civilizations. These individuals are often called by different names depending on their specific area of expertise. Let’s take a closer look at some of these titles.


One of the most well-known groups of professionals who study ancient civilizations are archaeologists. They are experts in excavating and analyzing artifacts from past cultures.

Archaeologists work to piece together information about societies that existed long ago and how they lived, worked, and interacted with one another. This can involve studying everything from pottery shards to entire buildings.


Anthropologists are another group of professionals who study ancient civilizations. They focus on understanding human culture and behavior throughout history.

In addition to studying artifacts, they also analyze social structures, language, religion, and other aspects of human life. By doing so, anthropologists build a comprehensive understanding of how societies have evolved over time.


While historians may not necessarily specialize in studying ancient civilizations exclusively, they do play an important role in uncovering information about the past. Historians rely on written records such as journals, treaties, and legal documents to piece together information about events that occurred in previous centuries. By analyzing these records alongside archaeological findings and other types of research data, historians can gain a deeper understanding of how past societies functioned.


Epigraphy is the study of inscriptions or writing on hard materials like stone or metal. Epigraphers specialize in deciphering these inscriptions and translating them into modern languages for further study. This is particularly useful for understanding ancient cultures that did not have a written language but left behind pictographs or symbols on objects like pottery or rock walls.


Finally, we have Egyptologists who specialize in the study of ancient Egyptian civilization. They are experts in interpreting hieroglyphics, the language of the ancient Egyptians, and have helped uncover many of the mysteries surrounding this fascinating culture. Egyptologists also work to understand the social structures, religious beliefs, and daily life of ancient Egyptians.

  • Summary:
  • If you’re interested in studying ancient civilizations, there are several different paths you can take. Archaeologists focus on excavating and analyzing artifacts from past cultures, while anthropologists examine a wider range of cultural and social factors.

    Historians rely on written records to piece together information about past events, and epigraphers specialize in deciphering inscriptions. Finally, Egyptologists specialize in studying the culture and history of ancient Egypt.


As you can see, there are many different types of professionals who study ancient civilizations. Whether you’re interested in archaeology, anthropology, history, epigraphy or Egyptology there’s a field that caters to your interest.

These individuals work tirelessly to uncover new information about our past and help us gain a deeper understanding of where we came from. So if you’re passionate about learning more about ancient societies and their cultures then consider pursuing a career in one of these fields!