What Are Some Artifacts From Ancient Egyptian Times?

Ancient Egypt is a fascinating civilization, known for its incredible architecture, art, and culture. One of the most interesting aspects of this ancient civilization is the artifacts that have been discovered by archaeologists over the years.

These artifacts provide us with a glimpse into the daily lives and beliefs of the Egyptians. In this article, we will explore some of the most significant artifacts from Ancient Egyptian times.

The Rosetta Stone

The Rosetta Stone is one of the most famous artifacts from Ancient Egypt. It was discovered in 1799 by French soldiers who were stationed in Egypt at the time.

The Rosetta Stone is a slab of black basalt that contains inscriptions in three different scripts: Greek, Egyptian hieroglyphs, and Egyptian demotic script. This artifact was key to unlocking the mystery of how to read hieroglyphs.

The Great Sphinx

The Great Sphinx is a massive statue that stands on the Giza Plateau near Cairo. It was built during the reign of Pharaoh Khafre in 2558-2532 BCE.

The statue depicts a mythical creature with the body of a lion and the head of a human. The Great Sphinx is one of Egypt’s most recognizable symbols and has become an icon for Ancient Egypt.

The Pyramids

The Pyramids are perhaps the most iconic architectural structures from Ancient Egypt. These massive tombs were built for pharaohs and their consorts during the Old Kingdom period (2686-2181 BCE). The most famous pyramids are located at Giza and include those belonging to Pharaoh Khufu, Pharaoh Khafre, and Pharaoh Menkaure.

  • The Pyramid of Khufu: Also known as the Great Pyramid, it stands at 147 meters tall and was considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
  • The Pyramid of Khafre: This pyramid stands at 136 meters tall and is located adjacent to the Great Pyramid.
  • The Pyramid of Menkaure: The smallest of the three pyramids, it stands at 65 meters tall and was built by Pharaoh Menkaure.

The Book of the Dead

The Book of the Dead is a collection of spells and prayers that were written on papyrus scrolls and placed in tombs. These scrolls were intended to help guide the deceased through the afterlife. The spells and prayers were believed to provide protection, guidance, and assistance to the dead as they journeyed through the underworld.

The Nefertiti Bust

The Nefertiti Bust is a beautiful sculpture that depicts Queen Nefertiti, who was one of Ancient Egypt’s most powerful queens. The bust was discovered in 1912 by German archaeologist Ludwig Borchardt in Amarna, Egypt. It is believed that this bust was created during the reign of Pharaoh Akhenaten (1353-1336 BCE) and is one of Egypt’s most famous works of art.


In conclusion, Ancient Egypt has left behind an incredible legacy that continues to fascinate people around the world. From massive pyramids to intricate papyrus scrolls, these artifacts provide us with a glimpse into an ancient civilization that was both powerful and sophisticated. By studying these artifacts, we can gain a better understanding of Ancient Egypt’s culture, beliefs, and way of life.