What Are Some of Africa’s Most Important Contributions to World History?

Africa is a continent that has made significant contributions to world history. From the earliest civilizations in Egypt, to the rise of powerful empires like Mali and Songhai, Africa has left an indelible mark on the world. In this article, we will explore some of the most important contributions made by Africa to world history.

Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt is one of the most well-known and studied civilizations in world history. For thousands of years, Egypt was a center of culture, science, and innovation.

The ancient Egyptians built massive pyramids and temples that still stand today, and they developed a system of writing known as hieroglyphics. They also made important contributions to mathematics, medicine, and astronomy.

The Mali Empire

The Mali Empire was one of the largest and most powerful empires in African history. It was located in West Africa and existed from the 13th to the 16th century.

Under its greatest ruler, Mansa Musa, it became one of the wealthiest empires in the world. Mansa Musa was a devout Muslim who went on a pilgrimage to Mecca in 1324. He brought with him so much gold that he caused inflation in Cairo and other cities along his route.

The Songhai Empire

The Songhai Empire was another powerful empire that existed in West Africa from the 15th to the 16th century. It was known for its strong military and extensive trading network. The Songhai people developed a system of government that allowed them to rule over a large territory with many different ethnic groups.


Ironworking is an essential technology that has been used for thousands of years all over the world. However, many people don’t realize that ironworking was first developed in Africa. The Nok culture in Nigeria began producing iron around 500 BC, long before the technology spread to other parts of the world.


African music has had a profound impact on the world. Many of the rhythms and melodies used in modern music can be traced back to Africa. African music has also influenced genres like jazz, blues, and rock and roll.


Africa’s contributions to world history are many and varied. From ancient civilizations like Egypt, to powerful empires like Mali and Songhai, Africa has left an indelible mark on the world.

The continent’s innovations in ironworking, mathematics, medicine, and astronomy have also had a profound impact on human history. Finally, African music has influenced countless genres and continues to inspire musicians all over the world.