What Are Some Things Ancient Greece Invented?

Ancient Greece is known for its rich history, mythology, and culture. But did you know that it was also home to some of the most significant inventions in human history?

From mathematics to philosophy, Greece has contributed greatly to our modern-day world. In this article, we’ll explore some of the things that Ancient Greece invented.

The Alphabet

One of the most significant inventions from ancient Greece is the alphabet. The Greek alphabet was developed around 800 BCE and is still in use today.

It consisted of 24 letters initially and later added three more. This new system of writing made it easier for people to communicate and record their thoughts on paper.


The concept of democracy originated in Athens, Greece, in the 5th century BCE. The word “democracy” comes from the Greek words “demos,” which means people, and “kratos,” which means power or rule. The idea behind democracy was that everyone had an equal say in how things were governed.


The Greeks are famous for their contribution to theater. The first recorded drama dates back to 534 BCE when Thespis won a competition for his tragedy play “The Persians.” Theater was an important part of Greek culture and society, and it has influenced modern theater ever since.

Olympic Games

The Olympic Games originated in Ancient Greece in 776 BCE as a way to honor Zeus, the king of gods. It consisted of several athletic events such as running, jumping, wrestling, boxing, and chariot races. The games were held every four years in Olympia and were attended by athletes from all over Greece.


Geometry has its roots in ancient Greece with mathematicians like Euclid (c. 300 BCE) who wrote Elements – a book consisting of thirteen volumes of geometrical knowledge. The Greeks developed the concept of geometry and laid the foundation for modern mathematics.


The Greeks are also known for their contribution to philosophy, which is the study of existence, values, and reasoning. Famous philosophers like Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle developed ideas that still influence modern thought today. They explored topics such as ethics, politics, metaphysics, and epistemology.

The Astrolabe

The astrolabe is an ancient instrument that was used for navigation and astronomy. It was invented by the Greeks in the 2nd century BCE and was used to determine latitude and longitude. The astrolabe was later improved upon by Islamic mathematicians during the Middle Ages.

The Watermill

The watermill is another invention from ancient Greece that influenced modern technology. It was first developed in the 3rd century BCE and used flowing water to generate power for grinding grain into flour. The watermill was a significant step forward in agricultural technology at the time.


In conclusion, Ancient Greece has contributed significantly to human civilization with its inventions in language, science, philosophy, arts, mathematics, astronomy, technology, and politics. These contributions have shaped our world as we know it today and will continue to influence future generations to come.