The life and teachings of Jesus Christ have been chronicled in the New Testament through four Gospels – Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. These books offer different perspectives on the life of Jesus, his mission, and his teachings. In this article, we will explore each of these four Gospels and examine their unique contributions to our understanding of Jesus.
Matthew was one of the twelve apostles of Jesus and is believed to have written the Gospel bearing his name. This Gospel is also known as the “Gospel of the Kingdom” because it emphasizes Jesus’ message about the coming kingdom of God. Matthew’s Gospel begins with a genealogy that traces the lineage of Jesus back to Abraham and then focuses on the birth and early years of Jesus.
Throughout the book, Matthew portrays Jesus as a teacher who offers wisdom for daily living and challenges people to live according to God’s standards. He records many parables that illustrate Kingdom principles such as forgiveness, humility, honesty, and generosity. Matthew also highlights many miracles performed by Jesus such as healing the sick and feeding large crowds.
Mark is believed to be a disciple of Peter who wrote down Peter’s recollections about Jesus’ life. Mark’s Gospel is fast-paced and action-oriented, emphasizing what Jesus did rather than what he said. It begins with John the Baptist preparing the way for Jesus’ ministry and concludes with his resurrection.
Mark portrays Jesus as a man on a mission – healing people, casting out demons, and preaching repentance. He also emphasizes that despite opposition from religious leaders, Jesus remained committed to his mission until his death on the cross.
Luke was a physician who accompanied Paul on some of his missionary journeys. His Gospel is often called “the Gospel of Mercy” because it highlights how much God loves humanity despite their sinfulness. Luke’s Gospel begins with the birth of John the Baptist and then focuses on Jesus’ birth, early years, and public ministry.
Luke emphasizes how Jesus welcomed everyone, including outcasts and sinners, into his fellowship. He also records many teachings of Jesus that emphasize God’s love for all people. Luke’s Gospel includes many unique stories such as the parables of the Good Samaritan and the Prodigal Son.
John was one of Jesus’ closest disciples and is believed to have written this Gospel towards the end of his life. John’s Gospel is often called “the Gospel of Love” because it highlights God’s love for humanity as expressed through Jesus Christ. Unlike the other three Gospels, John does not include a birth narrative but instead emphasizes Jesus’ divinity.
John portrays Jesus as the Word who was with God in the beginning and who became flesh to dwell among us (John 1:1-14). He records many teachings of Jesus that emphasize his unique relationship with God the Father and his mission to bring eternal life to those who believe in him.
In conclusion, each of the four Gospels offers a unique perspective on the life, teachings, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. Matthew emphasizes Jesus’ teachings about the coming Kingdom of God while Mark highlights his actions as a man on a mission.
Luke emphasizes God’s love for all people regardless of their status or background while John highlights Jesus’ divinity and his role as Savior of humanity. By studying all four Gospels together, we can gain a more complete picture of who Jesus is and what he came to do.