What Are the 6 Legacies of Ancient Greece?

Ancient Greece is widely recognized as the cradle of Western civilization, and for good reason. The Greeks made significant contributions to a range of disciplines, including philosophy, art, literature, politics, and science.

The legacy of ancient Greece is still evident in modern-day society. In this article, we will explore the six legacies of ancient Greece that have had a lasting impact on the world.

The Olympic Games

The Olympic Games were first held in ancient Greece in 776 BCE. These games were a celebration of physical fitness and athletic prowess, and they were held every four years in Olympia. Athletes competed in various sports, including running races, wrestling matches, and chariot races.

The Olympic Games have become an international event that brings together athletes from all over the world. Today’s Olympics still retain some of the traditions from ancient Greece. For example, winners are awarded medals (gold for first place, silver for second place, and bronze for third place), just like in ancient times.


Ancient Greek theater was an important part of Greek culture. The Greeks created two types of plays – tragedies and comedies – that explored themes such as love, war, and death.

Greek theater was performed in outdoor amphitheaters that could hold thousands of spectators. Actors wore masks to portray different characters and emotions. Some famous playwrights from ancient Greece include Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides.


Greek philosophy is one of the most significant legacies of ancient Greece. Greek philosophers sought to understand the nature of reality and humanity’s place within it.

Socrates is one of the most well-known philosophers from ancient Greece. He believed that knowledge was essential for living a good life. Plato was another philosopher who believed that there was an ideal world beyond our own reality.


The Greeks are credited with inventing democracy, a form of government in which citizens have a say in how their country is run. In ancient Athens, citizens would gather in an assembly to vote on important issues.

Today, many countries around the world have adopted some form of democratic government. The legacy of ancient Greece’s democracy lives on in modern society.


Ancient Greek art is known for its realism and attention to detail. Greek artists created sculptures that depicted human figures in a naturalistic way.

Some famous examples of Greek art include the Parthenon, a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena, and the statue of Zeus at Olympia, which was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

Mathematics and Science

Ancient Greece made significant contributions to mathematics and science. Pythagoras, for example, developed the Pythagorean theorem that explains the relationship between the sides of a right-angled triangle.

Meanwhile, Archimedes discovered principles related to buoyancy and displacement that are still used in engineering today.


The six legacies of ancient Greece – the Olympic Games, theater, philosophy, democracy, art, and mathematics/science – have had a lasting impact on society. From our political systems to our artistic endeavors, we can see traces of ancient Greece all around us. By studying these legacies, we can gain a better understanding of our shared cultural heritage and appreciate the contributions made by this great civilization.