If you are a student of history or someone interested in learning about the evolution of human civilization, then AP World History is a great course to take. It covers six major time periods that span from the earliest civilizations to the present day. In this article, we will delve deeper into each of these periods and what they entail.
Period 1: Technological and Environmental Transformations (to c. 600 BCE)
The first period in AP World History covers the emergence of early human societies and the development of agriculture, which led to significant changes in human society. This period is also characterized by technological advancements such as the invention of writing systems, metallurgy, and wheel-based transportation.
- The development of early human societies
- Agricultural revolution
- Technological advancements such as writing, metallurgy, and wheel-based transportation
- Environmental factors that shaped early societies
Period 2: Organization and Reorganization of Human Societies (c. 600 BCE – c. 600 CE)
The second period in AP World History covers the emergence of classical civilizations such as Greece, Rome, Persia, China, India, and their interactions with one another. It also includes the rise of world religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
- The emergence of classical civilizations
- The development of world religions
- The role of trade in connecting different parts of the world
- The formation of empires and states
Period 3: Regional and Transregional Interactions (c. 600 CE – c. 1450)
The third period in AP World History covers the rise of Islam, the spread of Christianity, and the interactions between different regions of the world such as Europe, Africa, and Asia. It also includes the development of new technologies such as gunpowder and printing press that greatly impacted human society.
- The spread of world religions
- The impact of trade on regional and transregional interactions
- The formation and expansion of empires
- The role of technology in shaping human society
Period 4: Global Interactions (c. 1450 – c. 1750)
The fourth period in AP World History covers the Age of Exploration, which led to increased global interactions between Europe, Africa, Asia, and the Americas. This period also saw significant changes in world religions, political systems, and economic structures.
- The Age of Exploration and its impact on global interactions
- The spread of new technologies such as firearms and oceanic navigation tools
- The formation of new empires in Europe and Asia
- The emergence of capitalism as a dominant economic system
Period 5: Industrialization and Global Integration (c. 1750 – c. 1900 CE)
The fifth period in AP World History covers the Industrial Revolution which transformed human society with new manufacturing techniques and machines. This period also saw increased globalization with the rise of imperialism.
- The Industrial Revolution and its impact on society
- Imperialism and its impact on global interactions
- The emergence of new political ideologies such as socialism and liberalism
- The role of science in shaping human society
Period 6: Accelerating Global Change and Realignments (c. 1900 CE – present)
The sixth and final period in AP World History covers the contemporary world, including the world wars, the Cold War, decolonization, globalization, and technological advancements.
- The World Wars and their impact on global society
- The rise of superpowers and their interactions with one another
- The process of decolonization and the emergence of new states
- The role of technology in shaping human society in the contemporary world
In conclusion, AP World History covers six major time periods that span from early human societies to the contemporary world. Each period is characterized by significant changes in human society, such as technological advancements, the emergence of new religions, political systems, economic structures, and global interactions. Understanding these periods is crucial for comprehending how human civilization has evolved over time.