South America is a continent rich in history and culture. From the ancient civilizations that once roamed the land to the modern cities that now dot the landscape, South America is a place of beauty and diversity. In this article, we will take a closer look at some of the ancient civilizations that once thrived in South America.
The Inca Civilization
The Inca civilization is perhaps one of the most well-known ancient civilizations in South America. The Inca empire was founded in 1438 AD and lasted until 1533 AD when it was conquered by the Spanish. The Inca civilization was located in what is now modern-day Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina, and Ecuador.
One of the most impressive achievements of the Inca civilization was their road system. The Inca built an extensive network of roads that spanned over 24,000 miles (40,000 km). These roads allowed for efficient transportation and communication throughout their empire.
Another impressive feat of the Inca civilization was their architecture. The most famous example of Incan architecture is Machu Picchu. This incredible city was built high up in the Andes mountains and served as a royal retreat for Incan emperors.
The Nazca Civilization
The Nazca civilization is another ancient civilization that once thrived in South America. The Nazca people lived in what is now southern Peru from around 100 BC to 800 AD.
The Nazca people are perhaps best known for their incredible geoglyphs. These are large designs etched into the earth that can only be viewed from above. The most famous geoglyphs are located on the Nazca plains and include designs such as animals, geometric shapes, and human figures.
In addition to their impressive geoglyphs, the Nazca people were also skilled at pottery making and textiles.
The Moche Civilization
The Moche civilization was located in what is now northern Peru from around 100 AD to 700 AD. The Moche people were known for their impressive metalworking skills and their intricate pottery.
One of the most fascinating aspects of the Moche civilization is their artwork. The Moche created incredibly detailed pottery that depicted scenes from everyday life, as well as mythical creatures and gods.
Another impressive aspect of the Moche civilization was their irrigation systems. The Moche people were able to cultivate crops in a desert environment by building an extensive network of canals and reservoirs.
The Chimu Civilization
The Chimu civilization was located in what is now northern Peru from around 900 AD to 1470 AD. The Chimu people were known for their impressive architecture, including the city of Chan Chan, which was once the largest adobe city in the world.
The Chimu people were also skilled at metalworking and created intricate gold and silver objects. They also had a complex system of government and trade, with goods being transported throughout their empire via an extensive road system.
South America is home to many ancient civilizations that have left a lasting impact on the world. From the incredible road systems of the Inca to the intricate pottery of the Moche, these civilizations have left behind a rich cultural legacy that is still celebrated today. By studying these ancient civilizations, we can gain a greater appreciation for the diversity and beauty of South America’s history and culture.