What Are the Colonies of Ancient Greece?

The colonies of Ancient Greece were a pivotal part of the ancient world. These colonies were established throughout the Mediterranean region during the eighth and seventh centuries BCE. The Greeks established these colonies in order to expand their trade networks, acquire new resources, and spread their culture.

What were the Greek Colonies?

Greek colonies were settlements that were established by Greek citizens outside of Greece. The Greeks established colonies in various parts of the Mediterranean region, including Sicily, Italy, North Africa, and the Black Sea coast. The primary reason for establishing these colonies was to gain control over resources such as timber, metals, and agricultural products.

How did they establish their colonies?

The Greeks established their colonies through a process known as colonization. This process involved sending out groups of people from Greece to establish settlements in new areas. These groups consisted of both men and women who had skills that would be useful in establishing a new colony.

What was life like in a Greek colony?

Life in a Greek colony was similar to life in Greece itself. The colonists brought with them their culture and traditions, which they maintained in their new homes.

However, life in a colony was also different from life in Greece. Colonies were often located far away from the mother city, which meant that colonists had to be self-sufficient.

What impact did Greek colonization have on the ancient world?

Greek colonization had a significant impact on the ancient world. It spread Greek culture throughout the Mediterranean region, influencing art, architecture, literature and philosophy for centuries to come. It also helped to create new trade networks that connected different parts of the ancient world.

  • Art: Greek art influenced cultures throughout the Mediterranean region.
  • Architecture: Many cities throughout Europe still have architecture that is influenced by ancient Greek designs.
  • Literature: The works of Greek poets and playwrights continue to be studied and performed today.
  • Philosophy: Ancient Greek philosophers laid the foundation for modern Western philosophy.


In conclusion, the colonies of Ancient Greece played a crucial role in the development of the ancient world. They allowed the Greeks to expand their trade networks, acquire new resources, and spread their culture throughout the Mediterranean region. Their impact can still be felt today in art, architecture, literature and philosophy.