What Are the Cultural Legacies of Ancient Greece?

Ancient Greece is often considered the birthplace of Western civilization. From philosophy to art, literature to politics, their contributions have left an indelible mark on the world. In this article, we will explore the cultural legacies of ancient Greece and their impact on modern society.

The Arts

One of the most significant contributions of ancient Greece to the world was its art. Greek sculpture is renowned for its realism and attention to detail. The Greeks believed that beauty was an essential aspect of life and sought to capture it in their art.


Some of the most famous Greek sculptures include the Venus de Milo, Winged Victory, and the Discobolus or “discus thrower.” These statues were not only beautiful but also served as symbols of power and strength.


Greek pottery is also famous for its intricate designs and storytelling. The vases were often decorated with scenes from mythology or everyday life, providing insight into ancient Greek culture.


Greek philosophy has had a significant impact on Western thought. The Greeks were some of the first thinkers to question the nature of reality and our place in it.


Socrates is perhaps one of the most well-known philosophers from ancient Greece. He believed that true knowledge came from questioning everything and that we should always strive for self-improvement.


Aristotle was another famous philosopher who believed in using reason to understand the world around us. He wrote extensively on ethics, politics, and metaphysics, laying the groundwork for many philosophical debates that continue today.


The Greeks were also pioneers in political thought. They developed systems of government that would go on to influence democracies around the world.

Athenian Democracy

The Athenian democracy is perhaps the most famous example of Greek political thought. Citizens were able to participate in government by voting on laws and holding public office.

The Republic

Plato’s Republic is another influential work that explores what a just society should look like. He believed that the best form of government was one ruled by philosopher-kings who had the wisdom to make fair and just decisions.


The cultural legacies of ancient Greece are many and varied. From art to philosophy, politics to literature, their contributions have shaped the world we live in today. By studying their legacy, we can gain a better understanding of our own culture and how it has been shaped by those who came before us.