What Are the Main Features of Ancient Greece?

Ancient Greece is a civilization that has left an indelible mark on the world in terms of politics, philosophy, art, and literature. The civilization spanned from the eighth century BC to the fourth century AD and was characterized by a range of features that set it apart from other civilizations of its time.

The Main Features of Ancient Greece:

1. City-States

One of the most prominent features of ancient Greece was its city-states or ‘polis’.

These were self-governing units that were independent of one another in terms of their laws, customs, and political systems. Each city-state had its own unique culture and identity.

2. Democracy

Ancient Greece is often credited with being the birthplace of democracy.

Athens, one of the most prominent city-states, is known for its democratic government where citizens had a say in how they were governed. This system was based on the principle of majority rule.

3. Philosophy

Ancient Greece was home to some of the most famous philosophers in history such as Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. These philosophers explored questions about life, ethics, politics, and metaphysics which have influenced Western thought for centuries.

4. Art and Architecture

Greece is also known for its art and architecture which are characterized by their simplicity, symmetry, and balance. The Parthenon in Athens is one such example that has become an iconic symbol for Greek architecture.

5. Olympics

The ancient Greeks were also known for their athletic prowess which they showcased during their Olympic Games held every four years in Olympia. This event brought together athletes from all over Greece to compete in various sporting events.

6. Mythology

Greek mythology is a collection of stories about gods and heroes that have entertained people for centuries. These stories have also influenced art, literature, and culture in various ways.

7. Literature

Greek literature is also known for its enduring contributions to world literature. The works of Homer such as the Iliad and the Odyssey are considered some of the greatest epics ever written.


In conclusion, ancient Greece was a civilization that left a lasting impact on the world. Its city-states, democracy, philosophy, art and architecture, Olympics, mythology, and literature are just some of the many features that make it an important part of human history. By studying these features of ancient Greece, we can gain a better understanding of how this civilization has influenced our modern world today.

  • Citations:
    • “Ancient Greece.” Encyclop√¶dia Britannica. Encyclop√¶dia Britannica, Inc., n.d. Web.

      05 Aug. 2021.

    • “Ancient Greek Civilization.” HISTORY. A&E Television Networks, LLC. 05 Aug.