What Are the Most Important Works of Ancient Greece?

Ancient Greece is known for its rich history, mythology, philosophy, and contributions to art and architecture. The ancient Greeks made significant contributions to the fields of science, mathematics, literature, and politics. In this article, we will explore some of the most important works of ancient Greece.

Greek Mythology

Greek mythology has had a significant influence on modern-day literature and popular culture. It is a collection of myths and stories about gods, goddesses, heroes, and monsters that were created by the ancient Greeks. Some of the most famous Greek myths include:

  • The Iliad and The Odyssey by Homer
  • The Oresteia by Aeschylus
  • The Works and Days by Hesiod

These works have been translated into many languages and are still widely read today.


Greek philosophy has had a significant impact on Western thought. It began in ancient Greece in the 6th century BCE with philosophers such as Thales of Miletus, Pythagoras, and Heraclitus. Some of the most famous Greek philosophers include:

  • Socrates
  • Plato
  • Aristotle

Their works have influenced not only philosophy but also politics, ethics, science, and mathematics.


Greek literature includes epic poetry, drama, lyric poetry, and prose. Some of the most famous works include:

  • The Iliad by Homer
  • The Odyssey by Homer
  • Oedipus Rex by Sophocles
  • Antigone by Sophocles
  • Medea by Euripides

These works have been studied and performed for centuries and continue to be influential today.

Art and Architecture

Greek art and architecture are known for their beauty and sophistication. Some of the most famous works include:

  • The Parthenon in Athens
  • The Winged Victory of Samothrace
  • The Venus de Milo
  • The Discus Thrower by Myron

These works have inspired artists and architects throughout history and continue to be admired today.


The ancient Greeks have left a lasting legacy in many fields, including mythology, philosophy, literature, art, and architecture. Their works continue to be studied, admired, and enjoyed by people all over the world. Understanding the contributions of ancient Greece is essential for understanding the development of Western civilization.