What Are the Neighboring Countries of Ancient Greece?

Ancient Greece is a land that is steeped in history and mythology. It was the birthplace of democracy, philosophy, and the Olympic Games.

But what about its neighboring countries? Let’s take a closer look at the countries that bordered Ancient Greece.

The Neighboring Countries of Ancient Greece

1. Albania
Located to the north of Greece, Albania was known as Illyria in ancient times.

It was a region inhabited by various tribes, including the Illyrians and the Thracians. The Illyrians were known for their fierce resistance against Roman rule.

2. North Macedonia
North Macedonia was once part of the ancient kingdom of Macedon, which was ruled by Alexander the Great. The kingdom extended from Greece to modern-day Bulgaria and Serbia.

3. Bulgaria
Bulgaria lies to the northeast of Greece and was once part of Thrace, which was conquered by Alexander the Great in 335 BC.

4. Turkey
To the east of Greece lies Turkey, which was once known as Anatolia. The ancient city of Troy is located in Turkey and is famous for its role in Homer’s epic poem, The Iliad.

The Aegean Sea

The Aegean Sea played an important role in ancient Greek civilization as it provided a vital link between the Greek cities located on its islands and on its shores.

5. Cyprus
Cyprus is an island located to the southeast of Greece that played an important role in ancient times due to its rich copper deposits.

6. Crete
Crete is another island located south of mainland Greece that was home to one of the earliest civilizations in Europe – the Minoans.

The Ionian Sea

The Ionian Sea lies to the west of Greece and was an important trading route for the ancient Greeks.

7. Italy
Italy was home to the Roman Empire, which was a significant rival to Ancient Greece. However, the Greeks did have a significant influence on Roman culture, particularly in areas such as art and philosophy.

8. Albania (Again)
Albania is mentioned again as it also borders Greece to the west, along with North Macedonia.


In conclusion, Ancient Greece had a diverse range of neighboring countries that played an important role in its history and culture. From fierce Illyrian resistance to Roman influence in Italy, these countries helped shape Ancient Greek civilization into what it is remembered as today.

  • Albania
  • North Macedonia
  • Bulgaria
  • Turkey
  • Cyprus
  • Crete
  • Italy
  • Albania (again)