What Are the Similarities Between Ancient Civilization?

Throughout history, there have been several ancient civilizations that have left a lasting impact on the world. While these civilizations were separated by geography and time, they share several similarities in their culture, beliefs, and accomplishments. In this article, we will explore the similarities between ancient civilizations.


Religion played a significant role in the lives of many ancient civilizations. They believed in gods and goddesses who controlled various aspects of life such as nature, fertility, war, and death.

The ancient Egyptians worshipped Ra, the sun god while the Greeks worshipped Zeus, the king of gods. Similarly, the Mayans believed in multiple gods who ruled over different domains.


The architecture of ancient civilizations was a reflection of their beliefs and values. The Egyptians built pyramids as tombs for their pharaohs while the Greeks built temples to honour their deities. The Romans built aqueducts to supply water to their cities while the Incas constructed Machu Picchu as a religious retreat.

Writing Systems

Most ancient civilizations developed their unique writing systems to record important events and communicate with one another. The Egyptians used hieroglyphics – picture symbols that represent words or sounds while the Mayans developed a system of hieroglyphics that included symbols for numbers as well as words.


Ancient civilizations engaged in trade with one another to acquire resources that were not available locally. For example, Phoenicians traded purple dye while Chinese traded silk. The Silk Road was an essential trade route that connected China to Europe through Central Asia.


Many ancient civilizations made significant contributions to mathematics. Babylonians discovered quadratic equations while Greeks formulated geometry and trigonometry. Indians invented zero as a placeholder in mathematical calculations.

Social Hierarchy

Social hierarchy was prevalent in ancient civilizations, where people were divided into classes based on their occupation and social status. For example, in Egypt, pharaohs were at the top of the hierarchy, followed by priests, scribes, and farmers. In India, the caste system determined a person’s social status.

  • Conclusion

In conclusion, ancient civilizations share several similarities in their religion, architecture, writing systems, trade practices, mathematics, and social hierarchy. These civilizations have left a lasting impact on the world and continue to influence modern-day culture. By studying these civilizations and their similarities, we can gain a better understanding of our history and appreciate the diversity of human cultures that exist today.