What Are the Symbols of Ancient Greece?

Ancient Greece has a rich cultural history with a plethora of symbols that have been passed down through generations. These symbols are still used today as an inspiration for modern art and design. In this article, we will explore the various symbols of Ancient Greece and their meanings.

The Olive Tree

One of the most significant symbols of Ancient Greece is the olive tree. The olive tree represented peace, wisdom, and prosperity in Ancient Greece.

It was also believed to be a gift from the goddess Athena to the people of Athens. The olive tree is still prevalent in Greek culture today; olive oil is widely used in cooking, and it is also a popular export.

The Greek Key

The Greek key is a decorative pattern that was used extensively in Ancient Greek architecture and art. This pattern consists of a continuous line that twists and turns, creating an intricate design. The Greek key symbolized infinity, unity, and protection.

The Owl

The owl was considered to be sacred in Ancient Greece; it was associated with the goddess Athena, who was worshipped as the patron goddess of wisdom. The owl represented knowledge, insight, and vigilance.

The Trident

The trident was the weapon of Poseidon, god of the sea in Ancient Greek mythology. It symbolized power over water and earthquakes.

The Lyre

The lyre was a stringed musical instrument played by musicians in Ancient Greece. It symbolized music, poetry, and artistic expression.

The Laurel Wreath

The laurel wreath was worn as a crown by winners of athletic competitions such as the Olympics in Ancient Greece. It symbolized victory, honor, and achievement.


In conclusion, these are just some of the many symbols that represent Ancient Greece and its culture. Each symbol holds a unique meaning and significance that has been passed down through generations. The use of these symbols is still prevalent in modern art and design, showcasing the enduring legacy of Ancient Greece.