What Are the Three Important Subjects Taught in Ancient Greece?

In ancient Greece, education played a vital role in shaping society and cultivating the minds of its citizens. The Greeks valued knowledge and believed that a well-rounded education was essential for personal growth and the betterment of the community. Three important subjects taught in ancient Greece were mathematics, philosophy, and physical education.


Mathematics held great significance in ancient Greek culture. The Greeks believed that mathematics was not only a practical tool for everyday life but also a way to understand the universe’s order and harmony. Students were introduced to basic arithmetic, geometry, and algebraic concepts.

The Pythagorean Theorem:

The Pythagorean theorem, named after the Greek mathematician Pythagoras, was one of the fundamental principles taught in ancient Greece. It states that in a right-angled triangle, the square of the hypotenuse (the side opposite the right angle) is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides.


Ancient Greek philosophy laid the foundation for Western thought and intellectual exploration. Philosophers sought to understand human nature, morality, and the nature of reality itself. They encouraged critical thinking and rational inquiry.

Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle:

Socrates, considered one of the founding fathers of philosophy, taught his students through questioning their beliefs and values. His student Plato continued his legacy by establishing an academy where philosophical ideas flourished. Another renowned philosopher, Aristotle, delved into various subjects like logic, ethics, politics, metaphysics, and more.

Physical Education:

Ancient Greeks believed in nurturing a healthy mind and body. Physical education was an integral part of their curriculum, emphasizing the development of strength, agility, and endurance through various activities and sports.

The Olympic Games:

The ancient Greeks held the Olympic Games every four years to celebrate physical prowess and showcase their athletic abilities. These games included events like running, wrestling, discus throwing, and chariot races. Participation in such events not only promoted physical fitness but also instilled a sense of pride and camaraderie among competitors.

In conclusion, the three important subjects taught in ancient Greece – mathematics, philosophy, and physical education – played significant roles in educating the citizens of that time. These subjects not only provided practical knowledge but also fostered critical thinking skills, explored the mysteries of the universe, and promoted a holistic approach to personal growth.