What Are Things You Learn in World History?

History is a fascinating subject that allows us to learn about the past and understand how we got to where we are today. World history, in particular, covers a vast range of topics and events that have shaped the world we live in. In this article, we will explore some of the things you can expect to learn when studying world history.

Geography and Early Civilizations

One of the first topics covered in world history is geography. Students learn about the different continents, oceans, and major landforms that make up our planet.

They also learn about early civilizations that emerged around major rivers such as Mesopotamia, Egypt, and China. These civilizations developed systems of writing, government, religion, and trade that laid the foundation for many aspects of modern life.

The Classical World

The classical world refers to ancient Greece and Rome, which were two of the most influential civilizations in world history. Students study their art, literature, philosophy, politics, and warfare. They also learn about Alexander the Great’s conquests and how Greek culture spread throughout the Mediterranean world.

Medieval Europe

Medieval Europe was a time of great change and turmoil. Students study the rise of Christianity and its impact on European society.

They also learn about feudalism, knights, castles, and the Crusades. The Black Death pandemic is another key event covered during this period.

The Renaissance

The Renaissance was a cultural movement that began in Italy during the 14th century. It was characterized by an interest in classical art, literature, science, and humanism – a focus on individual achievement rather than communal or religious values. Students study famous artists like Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo as well as writers like Shakespeare.

The Age of Exploration

The Age of Exploration refers to a period from the 15th to 18th centuries when European powers sailed across the oceans in search of new trade routes and territories. Students learn about famous explorers like Christopher Columbus, Vasco da Gama, and Ferdinand Magellan. They also study the impact of European colonization on indigenous peoples and cultures.

The Enlightenment

The Enlightenment was a philosophical movement that began in Europe during the 18th century. It emphasized reason, science, tolerance, and individual freedom.

Students learn about famous thinkers like John Locke, Voltaire, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. They also study the American and French Revolutions that were inspired by Enlightenment ideas.

The World Wars

The 20th century saw two devastating world wars that had a profound impact on world history. Students study the causes, course, and consequences of these wars as well as their impact on society and politics. They also learn about key figures like Adolf Hitler, Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Joseph Stalin.

The Cold War

The Cold War was a period of political tension between the United States and Soviet Union that lasted from 1947 to 1991. Students study the origins of this conflict as well as its impact on global politics and society. They also learn about key events like the Cuban Missile Crisis and the fall of the Berlin Wall.


In conclusion, world history covers a vast range of topics that are essential for understanding our past and present. By studying geography, early civilizations, medieval Europe, the Renaissance, exploration, Enlightenment, world wars, and the Cold War – students can gain valuable insights into how societies have developed over time. Whether you’re interested in art or politics – there’s something for everyone when it comes to world history!