What Are Three Main Exports of Ancient Greece?

Ancient Greece, known for its rich history and fascinating mythology, was also a country with a thriving economy. The Greeks were highly skilled in various industries such as pottery, metalwork, and agriculture, which allowed them to produce goods that were highly sought after by neighboring countries. In this article, we will explore the three main exports of Ancient Greece that contributed significantly to its economic growth.

1. Olive Oil

Olive oil was one of the most significant exports of Ancient Greece. The Greeks were among the first civilizations to cultivate olives and extract oil from them.

Olive oil was not only used for cooking but also for medicinal purposes and as a fuel for lamps. The Greeks believed that olive oil had various health benefits and used it in their religious ceremonies as well.

The production of olive oil was concentrated in areas such as Attica, Crete, and the Peloponnese region. These regions produced high-quality olive oil, which was then traded with other countries such as Egypt and Rome.

2. Wine

Wine was another essential export of Ancient Greece. The Greeks were among the first civilizations to cultivate grapes and produce wine on a large scale. Wine played an integral part in Greek culture and was used in various religious ceremonies and social gatherings.

The most famous wine-producing regions in Ancient Greece were Attica, Thessaly, and Macedonia. The Greeks produced different types of wine such as red wine, white wine, sweet wine, and dry wine. Their wines were highly valued by neighboring countries such as Italy and Rome.

3. Marble

Marble was another significant export of Ancient Greece. The Greeks discovered high-quality marble deposits in their country and used it extensively in their architecture and sculpture work.

The most famous marble quarries were located on the islands of Paros and Naxos. These quarries produced white marble, which was highly valued for its purity and beauty. The Greeks used marble to build temples, statues, and other architectural wonders such as the Parthenon in Athens.


In conclusion, the three main exports of Ancient Greece were olive oil, wine, and marble. These exports contributed significantly to the economic growth of Ancient Greece and helped establish it as a dominant civilization in the ancient world. Today, these exports are still an essential part of Greece’s economy and cultural heritage.