What Are Two Features About Ancient Chinese Civilization?

Ancient China is one of the oldest and richest civilizations in the world. It has a long and complex history that spans over 5,000 years. There are many features that characterize this fascinating culture, but two stand out in particular: Confucianism and the Great Wall.


Confucianism is a philosophy that was developed by Confucius, a Chinese philosopher who lived around 500 BCE. It is based on the belief that people can improve themselves through education and self-cultivation. Confucius believed that individuals should strive for personal excellence and moral virtue, and that these qualities could lead to a harmonious society.

One of the key tenets of Confucianism is the idea of filial piety, or respect for one’s parents and ancestors. This concept was central to Chinese society for many centuries and is still influential today. In addition to filial piety, Confucianism emphasizes the importance of social harmony, respect for authority, and ethical behavior.

Great Wall

The Great Wall of China is one of the most iconic landmarks in the world. It was built over several centuries by different rulers starting from the 7th century BCE to protect China from invading armies from the north. The wall stretches over 13,000 miles (21,000 km) across northern China and is made up of various walls, towers, and fortifications.

The construction of the wall involved thousands of workers who labored under harsh conditions for many years. The wall was often repaired and rebuilt throughout its history as new dynasties rose to power.

Today, the Great Wall is a popular tourist attraction and symbol of Chinese civilization. It is also recognized as one of the Seven Wonders of the World.


In conclusion, Confucianism and the Great Wall are two key features of ancient Chinese civilization. Confucianism emphasizes personal excellence, moral virtue, and social harmony, while the Great Wall is a remarkable engineering feat that has protected China for centuries. Together, these features represent the rich and complex history of China and its enduring cultural legacy.