What Birds Were in Ancient Greece?

Birds were an integral part of ancient Greece’s culture and mythology. They were believed to have divine significance and played a crucial role in religious rituals, art, and literature. In this article, we will explore some of the birds that were prominent in ancient Greece.


One of the most famous birds in ancient Greece was the owl. The owl was associated with Athena, the goddess of wisdom, and was considered a symbol of knowledge and intelligence. Owls were often depicted on coins, pottery, and other artworks as a representation of Athena.


Eagles were another significant bird in ancient Greece. They were associated with Zeus, the king of gods, who was often depicted carrying an eagle on his arm or shoulder. Eagles were also believed to be messengers between gods and humans and played an important role in Greek mythology.


In ancient Greece, swans were considered sacred birds associated with Apollo, the god of music, poetry, and prophecy. Swans were believed to possess magical powers such as the ability to predict the future or cure diseases. They were also popular subjects for Greek poets like Homer.


Peacocks were not native to Greece but were introduced during the Hellenistic period from Persia. They quickly became popular among wealthy Greeks due to their beautiful feathers and exotic appearance. Peacocks symbolized wealth, beauty, and luxury and could often be found in gardens or depicted on vases.


Cranes had significant cultural importance in ancient Greece as they represented loyalty, longevity, and fidelity. According to Greek mythology, cranes had a special bond with Apollo and would circle above his temple at Delphi during migration season.


Birds held great cultural significance in ancient Greece, and their influence is still apparent in art and literature today. From the wise owl to the noble eagle, each bird had its unique place in Greek mythology and culture.