When it comes to the life and teachings of Jesus Christ, the most authoritative source is undoubtedly the Bible. Specifically, the four Gospels — Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John — contain detailed accounts of Jesus’ life, ministry, and teachings.
The Gospel of Matthew
Matthew was one of Jesus’ disciples and his Gospel is widely believed to have been written between 70-100 AD. It begins with a genealogy tracing Jesus’ lineage back to Abraham and David, and goes on to describe his birth, baptism by John the Baptist, teachings on the Kingdom of Heaven, miracles (such as healing the sick and feeding the multitudes), conflicts with religious leaders of the time, his crucifixion and ultimately his resurrection.
The Gospel of Mark
Mark’s Gospel was also likely written in the first century AD. It is said to be based on Peter’s recollections of Jesus’ life and ministry.
Mark’s account is known for its brevity — it moves quickly from one event to another without much background or explanation. However, it still covers many important aspects of Jesus’ life such as his baptism, miracles (including casting out demons), teachings on love and forgiveness, predictions about his death and resurrection.
The Gospel of Luke
Luke’s Gospel was written by a physician who traveled with Paul on some missionary journeys. It is considered to be one of the most detailed accounts of Jesus’ life and teachings.
In addition to covering many events in Jesus’ life that are mentioned in other Gospels (such as his birth in Bethlehem), Luke includes several unique stories such as the parables of the Good Samaritan and Prodigal Son. Like Matthew’s Gospel, Luke also contains a genealogy tracing Jesus’ ancestry.
The Gospel of John
John’s Gospel stands out from the others because it places more emphasis on theological themes than historical events. Written by one of Jesus’ closest disciples, John’s account focuses on Jesus’ identity as the Son of God and his mission to bring salvation to all who believe in him. The Gospel of John contains many stories that are not found in the other Gospels, such as Jesus turning water into wine at a wedding in Cana and his conversation with Nicodemus about being born again.
In summary, the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John contain the most detailed accounts of Jesus’ life and teachings. While each Gospel has its own unique style and perspective, they all provide valuable insights into who Jesus was and what he came to accomplish. Whether you are a Christian seeking to deepen your faith or simply interested in learning more about one of history’s most influential figures, these four books are essential reading.