What Borders Ancient Greece?

Ancient Greece was a civilization that flourished from the 8th to the 4th century BC. It was an era of great artistic, scientific, and philosophical achievements.

However, Greece was not an isolated country and had borders with several other civilizations. In this article, we will explore what borders Ancient Greece.

Geographical Borders

On the north of Ancient Greece were the Balkans. The Balkans consist of modern-day countries such as Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia, and Montenegro. The Balkans were home to many different tribes throughout history who came into contact with Greek culture over time.

To the west of Greece was the Ionian Sea and Italy. Italy was home to some of the most powerful empires in history such as Rome and Etruria. The Greeks had been in contact with these civilizations for a long time through trade and war.

The Aegean Sea bordered Greece to the east. Across this sea lay Asia Minor or modern-day Turkey. The Greeks had colonies on the western coast of Asia Minor which were centers of trade and cultural exchange.

To the south lay Crete and Egypt across the Mediterranean Sea. Crete was home to Minoan civilization while Egypt was one of the most developed civilizations at that time.

Cultural Borders

Apart from geographical borders, Ancient Greece also had cultural borders with its neighboring civilizations.

The Persians were one of their biggest rivals at that time. They fought several wars against each other including Marathon, Thermopylae, Salamis, and Plataea.

The Greeks also had cultural exchanges with Egypt which gave them access to new knowledge about mathematics, medicine, astronomy, architecture, etc. This exchange helped shape Greek philosophy and science into what it is today.


In conclusion, Ancient Greece had a diverse set of borders both geographical and cultural which made it an important center of trade and cultural exchange. The Greeks were able to blend their culture with the neighboring civilizations which helped shape their own civilization and influence the world for centuries to come.