What Businesses Were in Ancient Greece?

In ancient Greece, various types of businesses flourished and played a vital role in the economy. From agriculture to trade and craftsmanship, the ancient Greeks were involved in a diverse range of commercial activities. Let’s take a closer look at some of the prominent businesses that existed during this time.


Agriculture formed the backbone of the ancient Greek economy. The warm Mediterranean climate and fertile soil provided ideal conditions for cultivating crops such as wheat, barley, olives, and grapes. Farmers worked on small plots of land and used traditional methods to grow their crops.


Trade was another crucial aspect of ancient Greek business. The Greeks established extensive trade networks that connected them with other civilizations around the Mediterranean Sea. They traded goods such as pottery, olive oil, wine, textiles, and precious metals.

Mercantile Class

The mercantile class played a significant role in facilitating trade. These individuals were merchants who traveled far and wide to buy and sell goods. They often used ships to transport their merchandise across different regions.


Ancient Greece was renowned for its skilled craftsmen who produced exquisite works of art and crafts. These craftsmen included sculptors, painters, potters, blacksmiths, weavers, and jewelers. They created beautiful items such as statues, vases, jewelry, weapons, textiles, and pottery.


The ancient Greeks also had banking systems in place to facilitate financial transactions. Moneylenders would provide loans to individuals or businesses in exchange for interest payments. Temples often served as secure depositories for wealth where people could store their valuables.

Money Changers

Money changers were prevalent in ancient Greece. They converted different types of currency, including coins from various city-states, allowing for easier trade and commerce.


Ancient Greek cities had bustling marketplaces known as agora. These marketplaces were the center of commercial activity where merchants and customers would gather to buy and sell goods. The agora also served as a place for socializing and exchanging ideas.

Traders and Peddlers

In the marketplaces, traders and peddlers played a crucial role in the distribution of goods. They would travel from town to town, selling their merchandise to the local population.

Wine Production

Wine production was a significant industry in ancient Greece. The Greeks cultivated vineyards and produced wine that was not only consumed locally but also exported to other regions. Wine merchants played a crucial role in marketing and distributing this popular beverage.

  • In conclusion,
  • The ancient Greeks engaged in a wide range of businesses that contributed to their economy and society.
  • Agriculture, trade, craftsmanship, banking, marketplaces, and wine production were just some of the key sectors that thrived during this time.
  • The variety of businesses reflects the diverse skills and interests of the ancient Greeks as well as their ability to navigate complex economic systems.
  • The legacy of these businesses can still be seen today in modern Greek society and throughout the world.

By understanding the businesses that existed in ancient Greece, we can gain insights into their economic practices, cultural values, and societal structures.