What Character Traits Are Most Valued in Ancient Greece?

In ancient Greece, certain character traits were highly valued and revered. These traits were not only seen as important for personal development but also for the betterment of society as a whole. Let’s explore some of the most esteemed character traits in ancient Greece.

1. Wisdom

Wisdom was considered one of the most valuable character traits in ancient Greece.

It encompassed the ability to make sound judgments and decisions based on knowledge and experience. The Greek philosopher Socrates famously said, “Wisdom begins with wonder.” This trait was highly regarded because it allowed individuals to navigate complex situations and contribute meaningfully to their communities.

2. Courage

Courage was another highly valued trait in ancient Greece.

The Greeks believed that true courage involved facing fear and overcoming adversity without hesitation. This trait was often associated with bravery on the battlefield, but it extended beyond physical strength to include moral courage as well. It required individuals to stand up for what they believed in, even when facing opposition.

3. Justice

Justice held great significance in ancient Greek society.

It referred to the fair treatment of all individuals and the establishment of a harmonious community. The concept of justice emphasized equality, impartiality, and adherence to moral principles. Ancient Greek philosopher Plato argued that justice was essential for achieving a just society where everyone could thrive.

4. Temperance

Temperance, or moderation, was highly valued in ancient Greece as it represented self-control and restraint.

It involved finding balance in all aspects of life, including emotions, desires, and actions. An individual who practiced temperance would not be easily swayed by excessive pleasure or indulgence but would instead exercise discipline and moderation in their pursuits.

5. Piety

Piety referred to a deep reverence for the gods and the religious customs of ancient Greece.

It involved recognizing and respecting one’s place in the divine order of the universe. Being pious meant honoring the gods through rituals, sacrifices, and adherence to religious traditions. It was believed that piety brought favor from the gods and ensured harmony within society.


In ancient Greece, wisdom, courage, justice, temperance, and piety were highly valued character traits that formed the foundation of a virtuous individual and a thriving society. These traits were seen as essential for personal growth, ethical decision-making, and harmonious community living.