Ancient Ghana, also known as the Ghana Empire, was one of the most prominent civilizations that existed in West Africa between the 6th and 13th centuries. It was located in the region that is now known as southeastern Mauritania and western Mali. The ancient civilization of Ghana was renowned for its wealth, power, and advanced social organization.
Characteristics of an Advanced Civilization Possessed by Ancient Ghana
The following are some of the characteristics that made Ancient Ghana an advanced civilization:
Social Organization: One of the most notable characteristics of Ancient Ghana was its advanced social organization. The kingdom had a well-established hierarchical structure with a king at the top who ruled over various chiefs and officials. The society was divided into different classes based on their occupation, status, and wealth.
Trade: Ancient Ghana was a hub for trade in West Africa during its time. The kingdom had access to valuable resources such as gold, ivory, and salt which it traded with other regions such as North Africa and Europe. This made it one of the wealthiest civilizations in West Africa at that time.
Religion: Religion played an important role in Ancient Ghana’s society. The people followed traditional African religions and believed in ancestral spirits and deities.
Arts and Architecture: Ancient Ghana had a rich cultural heritage that was reflected in its art and architecture. The kingdom’s buildings were made out of mud-brick, but they were decorated with intricate carvings and designs.
Economic System: Another characteristic that made Ancient Ghana an advanced civilization was its economic system. The kingdom had a strong agricultural sector that provided food for its people. It also taxed traders who passed through its territory which helped to generate revenue for the state.
Government: In addition to having a well-organized social structure, Ancient Ghana also had a sophisticated system of government. The king had a council of advisers who helped him to make decisions and run the kingdom. There were also various officials who were responsible for different aspects of the kingdom’s administration.
Educational System: Ancient Ghana had a system of education that was accessible to all members of society. The children of nobles were educated by private tutors while those from common families attended schools that were run by the community.
Conclusion: In conclusion, Ancient Ghana was an advanced civilization that possessed several characteristics which made it stand out from other civilizations in West Africa during its time. Its social organization, trade, religion, arts and architecture, economic system, government, and educational system were all contributing factors to its success and longevity. Today, we can still learn from the legacy left behind by this great civilization.