What Cities Did Ancient Greece Have?

Ancient Greece is one of the most fascinating civilizations to have ever existed. Known for its rich history, art, architecture, and philosophy, ancient Greece was a collection of city-states that existed during different time periods.

These city-states were unique in their governance, culture, and economy. In this article, we will explore the different cities that made up ancient Greece.

The Major City-States of Ancient Greece

The major city-states of ancient Greece were Athens and Sparta. Athens was the largest city-state and was known for its art, architecture, philosophy, and democracy. Sparta was known for its military might and discipline.


Athens was the capital city of ancient Greece. It was located in the Attica region of Greece and had a population of over 100,000 people at its peak.

Athens was known for its cultural achievements such as theater, art, and literature. It was also home to some of the most famous philosophers in history such as Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle.

Fun Fact: The Parthenon temple on the Acropolis in Athens is one of the most famous landmarks in Greece.


Sparta was located in the southern part of ancient Greece on the Peloponnese peninsula. It was known for its fierce warriors who were trained from a young age to become skilled soldiers. Sparta had a unique form of government called a “dual monarchy” where two kings ruled together.

Fun Fact: The Battle of Thermopylae took place near Sparta where 300 Spartan soldiers fought against thousands of Persian soldiers.

Other Important City-States

Apart from Athens and Sparta, there were several other important city-states that contributed to ancient Greek civilization.


Thebes was located in central Greece and was known for its military power. It was also the birthplace of the famous Greek mythological hero, Hercules.


Corinth was an important city-state that was known for its trade and commerce. It was located on the isthmus of Corinth which connected the Peloponnese peninsula to mainland Greece.


Argos was located in the northeastern part of the Peloponnese peninsula and was known for its agriculture and farming. It was also home to several important temples dedicated to Greek gods such as Hera and Apollo.

  • Athens – Capital city of ancient Greece
  • Sparta – Known for its military might
  • Thebes – Known for its military power
  • Corinth – Known for its trade and commerce
  • Argos – Known for its agriculture and farming

In Conclusion

Ancient Greece had several important city-states that contributed to its rich history, culture, and art. These city-states were unique in their governance, economy, and culture.

Athens and Sparta were the two major city-states that are still remembered today for their significant contributions to Western civilization. However, there were several other important city-states such as Thebes, Corinth, and Argos that played a vital role in ancient Greek civilization.