What Civilization Was Ancient Rome Influenced By?

Ancient Rome is often considered one of the most influential civilizations in history. However, like any great civilization, Rome was influenced by those that came before it. In this article, we’ll explore the civilizations that had a significant impact on Ancient Rome.

Greek Influence

One of the most significant influences on Ancient Rome was Greece. The Romans were heavily influenced by Greek culture, philosophy, and art. The Romans adopted many aspects of Greek religion and mythology, such as their gods and goddesses.

Greek philosophy also had a significant impact on Roman thought. The Romans were particularly drawn to Stoicism, a philosophical movement that emphasized self-control and rationality. Roman writers such as Seneca and Marcus Aurelius were heavily influenced by Stoicism.

Etruscan Influence

The Etruscans were a civilization that inhabited central Italy before the rise of Rome. They had a significant impact on early Roman culture and society. The Etruscans taught the Romans how to build arches and domes, which would become an essential part of Roman architecture.

The Etruscans also influenced Roman religion. Many of the gods and goddesses worshipped by the Etruscans were later adopted by the Romans.

Celtic Influence

The Celts were a group of people who lived in what is now modern-day France, Belgium, and England. They had a significant impact on Ancient Rome when they invaded Italy in the 4th century BC.

One area where Celtic influence can be seen in Ancient Rome is in their military tactics. The Celts were known for their use of chariots and light cavalry, which the Romans later incorporated into their own military strategy.


In conclusion, Ancient Rome was influenced by many different civilizations throughout its history. From Greek philosophy to Etruscan architecture to Celtic military tactics, Rome borrowed ideas and concepts from those that came before it. By incorporating these influences into their own culture, the Romans were able to create one of the most influential civilizations in history.