What Countries Made Up Ancient Greece?

Ancient Greece is a civilization that has left an indelible mark on Western culture. This rich and fascinating society thrived from the 8th century BCE to the 6th century CE, and it was made up of several different city-states. Today, we will explore which countries made up Ancient Greece.


The Ancient Greeks were not a unified people but rather a collection of independent city-states that shared a language, culture, and religion. These city-states were scattered across what is now modern-day Greece and the surrounding regions.

The City-States of Ancient Greece

The most famous city-state of Ancient Greece was Athens, which was known for its democracy, philosophy, and art. Another prominent city-state was Sparta, which was known for its military prowess and strict social structure. Other notable city-states included Corinth, Thebes, and Delphi.


Athens was the largest and most powerful city-state in Ancient Greece. It was located in Attica and had a population of around 300,000 people at its peak. Athens is famous for being the birthplace of democracy and for its great thinkers such as Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle.


Sparta was located in the region of Laconia in the southern part of Greece. It was known for its strict social structure that divided citizens into different classes based on their military prowess. Spartans were trained from a young age to be warrior-soldiers focused on defending their state.


Corinth was located on the isthmus that connects mainland Greece to the Peloponnese peninsula. It was known for its wealth and strategic location as a major trading center between Eastern and Western Mediterranean civilizations.


Thebes was located in the Boeotia region of central Greece. It was known for its military power and for producing famous figures such as the playwright Sophocles and the general Epaminondas.


Delphi was not a city-state but rather a religious sanctuary located on Mount Parnassus. It was considered the center of the Ancient Greek world and was visited by pilgrims from all over Greece seeking guidance from the Oracle.


In conclusion, Ancient Greece was made up of several different city-states that shared a language, culture, and religion.

Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Thebes, and Delphi were some of the most famous city-states that made up Ancient Greece. Each had its own unique culture, traditions, and history that contributed to the rich tapestry of Ancient Greek civilization.