What Countries Surround Ancient Greece?

Ancient Greece is a land that has always fascinated people from around the world. Its rich culture, mythology, and history have captured the imagination of many and continues to do so even today.

But have you ever wondered what countries surrounded Ancient Greece? In this article, we will explore the geography of Ancient Greece and its neighbors.

Geography of Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece was located on the southern end of the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe. It was surrounded by four bodies of water – the Aegean Sea to the east, the Ionian Sea to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. The country was characterized by a rugged terrain with mountains, hills, and valleys dominating its landscape.

Countries Surrounding Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece shared borders with several countries. Here is a list of some of them:

1. Macedonia

Macedonia was located to the north of Ancient Greece. It was a kingdom that existed during ancient times and was ruled by kings such as Philip II and Alexander the Great.

2. Thrace

Thrace was situated in the northeast region of Ancient Greece. It was an ancient geographical region that spanned across modern-day Bulgaria, Turkey, and Greece.

3. Anatolia

Anatolia or Asia Minor referred to a peninsula that is now part of modern-day Turkey. It was located to the east of Ancient Greece across the Aegean Sea.

4. Persia

Persia or modern-day Iran was located to the east of Ancient Greece across the Aegean Sea. The Greeks famously fought against Persia during several wars including the Battle of Marathon and Thermopylae.

5. Italy

Italy or ancient Rome was situated across the Ionian Sea to the west of Ancient Greece. The Greeks and Romans had a complex relationship that was characterized by both conflict and cultural exchange.


In conclusion, Ancient Greece was surrounded by several countries including Macedonia, Thrace, Anatolia, Persia, and Italy. Its geography and location played a crucial role in shaping its history and culture. The country’s close proximity to other ancient civilizations facilitated the exchange of ideas, art, and technology that continues to influence the world today.